There is a rising demand for the sustainable or green building which has minimal impact on the environment. You can save 20% of your entire construction expenses by adopting green ways of construction and design.
Green buildings also help in cutting down on pollution and being energy efficient. The process of green construction starts from the design stage and goes well beyond the completion of the project.
Certain characteristics are common in sustainable buildings all over the world. Let’s check out the main factors which make a building green.
Features of sustainable buildings
What should a sustainable building have? Here is a look.
Green buildings aim to lessen environmental impact by making the minimum change to the topography. That means lower trees will be cut down and canals are left free.
Also, many green buildings are made of lands which have been previously developed.
2. Construction method
The materials and process of construction use tools and technology which creates the lower environmental footprint. Unnecessary finish materials are generally avoided with the aim of use as fewer materials as possible.
Building information modeling is suitable to design a green building integrating all the sustainability considerations.
3. Energy efficient
Walls are made with better insulation so that they absorb or block the heat and moisture outside. As a result, your room stays cool. The location of windows is carefully chosen with low SHGC glass which blocks the sun’s radiation.
Both lower the load on your air conditioning and offer savings on utility bills.
Many green buildings also promote the use of alternative energy like solar power to reduce the carbon footprint. The main idea is to make the building consume as less energy as possible drawing most of it from renewable sources.
4. Water conservation
An efficient delivery system of water and recycling activities contribute towards water conservation in green buildings. The water fittings like faucets and flush methods also consume less water.
Some buildings have rains water harvesting systems. The water from the rain is stored to be used for different purposes. Green roofs with plantation also help in water catchment and also reduce pollution.
5. Clean air
Pollution, dust particles and the general quality of the air in cities lead to many respiratory diseases. Efficient HVAC systems and the placement of ducts, their sealing, and various other factors try to keep the air clean.
You also have advanced air filtration systems exhaust air recycling to get fresh air. The cool air escaping the building is used to lower the temperature of incoming air with a tool called enthalpy wheel.
It also cuts down the humidity and lowers the power consumed by air conditioners.
The large areas of concrete in a city absorb and radiate the sun’s heat to the surroundings. The unpaved areas of the buildings are used for vegetation which absorbs pollution and lower the heat urban island effect.
Planting can also help in rainwater absorption.
The first step in constructing green buildings starts with a sound BIM consulting.